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Tonina: Monument 3
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LOCATION Five fragments belonging to this monument have been found. In the French Tonina Project report, these pieces are designated M.3 (the large central fragment), M.4 (the lower fragment with tenon), M.2l (head and headdress), F.29 (the statue's right foot), and F.57 (the left foot). The lower fragment with tenon was photographed by Tozzer in 1904 in the churchyard in Ocosingo. In 1925 Blom and La Farge found the large central portion and the bottom fragment with tenon in a private yard near the church. By 1944, the time of Morley's and Thompson's visit, the two pieces were in the Escuela Primaria Urbana Federal of Ocosingo. By 1972 the central fragment was in the yard of the Jardin Infantil, while the lower part was in the Alcaldia of Ocosingo. The piece with head and headdress was found by Blom just to the north of a small mound lying north of Ball Court 1. There is some confusion as to which mound this is, though it is most likely the one immediately to the north of the ball court. The head fragment' was later moved to the collection of sculptures in the plaza. The statue's left foot was found by the French in 1973 at the southeast foot of Structure G5-2, immediately below the surface. The right foot was found by them in 1972 among the sculptures collected on the plaza. By 1980 all fragments except the head and headdress were in the Tonina museum. The head fragment was still on the plaza.

CONDITION Apart from the obvious breakage that has occurred to the statue, Monument 3 is virtually complete and only somewhat eroded. Fine details of most of the glyphs no longer survive. In addition, there has been some chipping of the head fragment since 1925.

MATERIAL Yellow sandstone, with some red.

SHAPE A life-size statue, carved in the round, and standing on a base with a tenon.

DIMENSIONS

Ht 3.00m
HLC 2.43m
MW 0.58m
MTh 0.51m
Ht base 0.10m
W base 0.70m
Ht tenon 0.47m
Dia tenon 0.47m
Rel Glyphs 0.7cm

CARVED AREAS Front, back, and sides of standing figure. Glyphs are carved on the back of the statue. The base is dressed but plain.

PHOTOGRAPHS Mathews, 1980 and 1981.

DRAWINGS Mathews, based on field drawings, with some additions based on 810m's 1925 photos.

 

 

INSCRIPTIONS

Calendrics:

9.13.00.00.00      8 *Ahau (8 Uo)                      -- dedicatory PE, reign of Ruler 3 (692).

-         3.(14.08)

9.12.16.03.12      5 *Eb *20 *Xul                    -- accession of Ruler 3 (688).     

Passages:

Beyond the account of the period ending at A1-D3, and the accession of K'inich Baaknal Chaak (Ruler 3) at E1-E4, the monument goes on to provide at least two more dates (at E6 and, probably F8-E9), recounting the accession into the priesthood of the ajk'uhuun Aj Ch'aaj Naah, in office during much of the reigns of Rulers 3 and 4 (ca. AD 688-721).

 
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