Paamuya: Winter Social Dances

Si'o Sa'lako, PM 45-25-10/28823
Pawtiwa, PM 45-25-10/28877
Hatko, Wood-carrying Katsina, PM 45-25-10/28846

Following Soyalangwu, social dances called Paamuya are held in homes and the kivas at night, and on the plazas during the day. They last until the beginning of Powamuya ceremony. The dances depict animals that live in the mountains now covered with snow, and are prayers for snow to fall on Hopi fields and for successful hunting.

In Sichmovi, a pueblo founded by immigrants from Zuni, a dance is held in which the majority of the katsinam represent Zuni impersonators. It dramatizes the return of the sun, and celebrates the return of the katsinam to the pueblos.

Si'o Sa'lako

Si´o Sa´lako are very skilled at bringing rain, and are easily distinguished from other katsinam by their full feather skirts. They were introduced to First Mesa by the Zuni around 1850. "Si´o" means Zuni in the Hopi language. At first, they always came in groups of four and behaved like Zuni katsinam. Later, as they became more Hopi, only one appeared, usually with Si´o Sa´lakwmana. On First Mesa, they now perform in January during Paamuya.


Pawtiwa also came from Zuni, where he is the sun god and a katsina chief. In Hopi ceremonies, Pawtiwa plays only a minor role performing in January with other katsinam who come from other pueblos. In one village, Sichmovi, he goes to every kiva to announce the katsinam's return to the fourth world. Usually he has no specific function other than helping to bring rain and mist.

Hatko, Wood-carrying Katsina

The Hopi adopted Hakto from a Zuni katsina about a hundred years ago. Hakto is a diminutive of the Zuni name Yamuhakto, which means "carrying wood on his head." In Hopi, he appears in the Mixed Dance, and also performs with S´io Sa´lako.