Early Work

Bronze figurine of a bull, Hallstatt. Images of animals were common during the Iron Age, but it is unclear what exactly was the function of this exquisite figure. PM 40-77-40/9896
Roman fluted glass bowl, Vinica. This elegant glass bowl and the following one are Roman, rather than local, showing evidence of the changes in culture and settlement following the Roman conquest of the Adriatic. PM 40-77-40/12521
Roman fluted glass bowl, Vinica. PM 40-77-40/12522
Double fibula with double horse-headed pendant, decorated with incised triangles, Vinica. Pendants such as this one were common zoomorphic amulets found at Vinica and may have been derived from art of the Asian-steppes. PM 40-77-40/10658
Bronze pendant depicting two serpents, Vinica. This pendant contains a double image; it shows two serpents when viewed from the edges inwards, but shows a man grasping the serpents when viewed from the center outwards. PM 40-77-40/12205
Ceramic jar; exterior surface decorated with red slip and graphite, Hallstatt. Pottery in Hallstatt was characterized by broad open forms, thinner walls than previous ceramics, and geometric designs. PM 40-77-40/9949
Stepped bowl decorated with coating of graphite, Hallstatt. PM 40-77-40/9950
Scabbard plate with image of running stag, Vinica. These scabbard plates held knives, which were the most useful and versatile of implements, used for weapons and also as general tools. PM 40-77-40/10366
Roman-style bronze belt buckle with repoussé ornament depicting an equestrian figure, Vinica. PM 40-77-40/12583
Bronze anthropomorphic fibula, Vinica. PM 40-77-40/10573

Duchess Mecklenburg first excavated in 1905 at small sites near her Slovenian estate.  She then convinced a Berlin Museum curator to excavate at Stična, an Early Iron Age (800-400 B.C.) burial site.  The duchess trained herself by watching and copying his excavation techniques and launched her independent archaeological career in 1906.  

The duchess worked at Hallstatt, now the type site for the European Early Iron Age.  She also excavated at the remote Late Iron Age (400 B.C.—A.D. 1) outpost of Vinica.  Vinica grave goods reflect the unique culture of its isolationist inhabitants, who selectively adopted Late Iron Age styles and favored jewelry in burials.