Professional Maturity and Vindication

Rhyton in the form of a ram's head, Stična. The rhyton was a vessel with an open top, used for drinking wine. PM 40-70-40/13526
Bronze Cauldron with zoomorphic handles, Stična. Cauldrons made of sheet bronze were treasured possessions that betokened their owner's wealth and high status. PM 40-77-40/13684
Glass beads, Stična. PM 40-77-40/13628
Bronze situla with repoussé ornament, Magdalenska Gora. A situla is a bucket-shaped vessel used for mixing and serving wine; they were often of high quality and value. PM 34-25-40/8418
Folded iron sword, Magdalenska Gora. Iron swords are relatively rare in early Iron Age sites, but become more common as iron technology improved. PM 34-25-40/8596
Iron spear, Magdalenska Gora. Once attached to an oak shaft, spears like this one would have been a staple weapon of the iron age warrior. PM 34-25-40/8524
Bronze belt plate, Magdalenska Gora. A warrior's belt had a broad metal plate at the center that not only held it closed but also protected the wearer's midriff. PM 34-25-40/8422
Bronze hanging straps for belt, Magdalenska Gora. Straps like these would have been riveted along a belt to hang tools and weapons from. PM 34-25-40/8436
Bronze helmet, Magdalenska Gora. One of a pair that were found, this helmet was once much more elaborate and probably was decorated with horse hair. PM 34-25-40/8521
Bridle ornament in the shape of four horses' heads, Magdalenska Gora. This ornament dates from the 5th century B.C. and is one of three such ornaments found at Magdalenska gora. PM 34-25-40/8550
Iron socketed axe with inlaid bronze ornament, Magdalenska Gora. PM 34-25-40/8206

By 1912, the duchess was out of funds but found a devoted new patron: her cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm II.  She returned to Stična’s tumuli and spent lavishly, hiring whole villages as field crew and taking hundreds of photographs.  Duchess Mecklenburg was not content merely to supervise but continued to excavate alongside her employees. 

Magdalenska Gora was the second large cemetery the Duchess excavated.  The site spans the Early and Late Iron Age (600-300 B.C.), as Greek influence declined and Etruscan and Celtic powers rose.  Burials from Magdalenska suggest a strikingly high-status community concerned with wealth, masculinity, and war.  The duchess’s work there secured her reputation as a capable professional archaeologist.