Ancient Irrigation Systems of the Aral Sea Area: The History, Origin, and Development of Irrigated Agriculture
Edited by Simone Mantellini, Oxbow Books, 2012
Ancient Irrigation Systems in the Aral Sea Area is the English translation of Boris Vasilevich Andrianov’s work, Drevnie orositelnye sistemy priaralya, concerning the study of ancient irrigation systems and the settlement pattern in the historical region of Khorezm, south of the Aral Sea (Uzbekistan). This work holds a special place within the Soviet archaeological school because of the results obtained through a multidisciplinary approach combining aerial survey, and fieldwork, surveys, and excavations. This translation has been enriched by the addition of introductions written by several eminent scholars from the region regarding the importance of the Khorezm Archaeological-Ethnographic Expedition and the figure of Boris V. Andrianov and his landmark study almost 50 years after the original publication.
The Samara Valley Project: A Bronze Age Landscape in the Russian Steppes
Edited by David Anthony, Dorcas Brown, Aleksandr Khokhlov, Pavel Kuznetsov, and Oleg Mochalov, 2013
The Samara Valley Project: A Bronze Age Landscape in the Russian Steppes Edited by David Anthony, Dorcas Brown, Aleksandr Khokhlov, Pavel Kuznetsov, and Oleg Mochalov, 2013 Recent archaeological discoveries have upended old ideas about the evolution of Eurasian steppe pastoralism. After decades of widespread agreement, every detail in the agreed-upon story is now open to question. It is an exciting time to study the development of pastoral economies in the Eurasian steppes, but it also is a period of confusion, argument, and shifting theories. The Samara Valley Project is an archaeological project focused on understanding the pastoral landscape, economy, settlements, and seasonal rituals of Bronze Age people living in the center of the Eurasian steppes.
Seeing Lithics: A Middle Range Theory for Testing for Cultural Transmission in the Pleistocene
Gilbert B. Tostevin, in press
There is substantial debate over the extent to which the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the dispersal of anatomically modern humans from Africa into Eurasia at the end of the Pleistocene were the result of the same process, related processes, or unrelated but coincident processes. The current debate shows a gap in archaeological method and theory for understanding how different cultural transmission processes create patterning in the material culture of foragers at the resolution of Paleolithic palimpsests. This research project attempts to bridge this gap with a middle-range theory connecting cultural transmission and dual inheritance theory with the archaeological study of flintknappers’ flake-by-flake choices in the production of lithic assemblages. The project thus combines a new middle-range theory as well as a new approach to characterizing Paleolithic assemblages for systematic comparison of units of analysis appropriate to distinguishing forces of change in cultural evolution.