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  • Lintel 1
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Yaxchilan: Lintel 10
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  Inscriptions
   
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LOCATION  Found by Maler half-buried in a low mound, Structure 3.

CONDITION Intact, but for a portion broken off and not yet located, resulting in the loss of two-thirds of one glyph-block. The lintel was well preserved at discovery; since then it has lost some fine details due to erosion. MATERIAL  Fine-grained limestone.

SHAPE  Carved surface is flat; one edge is trimmed at a noticeable angle.

DIMENSIONS
MW
HSc
WSc
MTh
Rel
0.85 m
0.78 m
0.73 m
0.24 m
0.4 cm

CARVED AREAS  Underside only.

PHOTOGRAPH  Graham, 1973.

DRAWING  Graham, based on field drawing corrected by artificial light and on Maler's plaster cast.

 

 

INSCRIPTIONS

DATES

9.18.17. 12. 6 7 Kimi 14 Sip (12 March, 808)

+              1. 4

9.18.17.13.10   5 Ok 18 Sotz' (5 April, 808)

+                  4

9.18.17.13.14   9 Hix 2 Sek (9 April, 808)

DESCRIPTION

This all-glyphic lintel is rendered in a distinctively cramped style, and was thought by Morley to be among the earliest monuments of the site.   Nevertheless, the initial date (with its clear 'G3' notation) is persuasively late, and the text clearly names the final king of Yaxchilan, and provides his parentage (naming the penultimate king and his consort).   As such, this may well be the latest monument at the site.

The text contains references to the bellicose reign of K'inich Tatbu Jol III, including a "star war" and a number of capture events, but also to the dedication of Temple 3, seemingly the waybil or "dormitory" of a number of patron gods.   As David Stuart has shown, this text is most noteworthy for its record of the capture of Ruler 7 of Piedras Negras in April of 808.

TRANSCRIPTION, TRANSLITERATION AND TRANSLATION

First passage (A1-B3):

7- CHAM? [JUL]JAN?-na-TI'-HUUN-na 14- CHAK-*AT ya-YAL-ja U- 2- WAL? BAAH-hi KAL?-ma-TE' U-cha-CHAN a-AHK-MO' K'UH- ?- AJAW-wa

Huk kimi, hul-hanaab?-ti'huun, chanlajuun chakat. Yahlaj u-cha'-wal? baah kaloomte'?, u-chan ahkul mo', k'uhul-?-ajaw.

"It is 7 Kimi (G3) 14 Sip. The second ? of the head kaloomte'(?), of the master of Ahkul Mo', of the holy ?-lord, is thrown down."

Second passage (A4-A7):

CH'AY?-yi K'UH-TE'-la YAX-HUL-wi-tzi U?-*KAB?-ji TUUN-ni su-wu?-lu AHK-la K'IN-a-tu-TOK'-PAKAL U-cha-CHAN-TAJ-MO'-o AJ- 16- BAAK-K'UH-[PA']CHAN]-AJAW

Ch'ay-i? k'uhte'el yaxhulwitz. Ukabij? tuun suwul? ahkal, k'ina t-u-took' t-u-pakal, u-chan tajmo', aj-waklajuun-baak, k'uhul-pa'chan-ajaw.

"K'uhte'el Yaxjhulwitz is destroyed.   He governed it, Stone Suwul? Turtle,the sun, with his flints, with his shields, the captor of Tajmo', he of sixteen captives, the holy lord of pa'chan."

Third passage (B7-C7):

chu-ka-ja AJ-YAX-MO'-SUUTZ' ?- KAL?-TE'? tu-YAL- 2- WAL?-la BAAH-hi-si-ji-AJ *K'IN[chi]-ni-ta-bu-JOL AJ-K'AN-na-ba-na-ka U-cha-CHAN AHK-[ku]lu MO'-o-AJ-CHAK-JU'?-TE' AJ-k'a[ba]-la-XOOK?-ki U-BAAH-hi-U- 1- TAHN-na 5-?-?- IXIK-K'UH IXIK-K'UH IXIK-ki IX-CH'AJB-AJAW U-BAAH-ji-U-[CHIT]CH'AJB U-cha-CHAN-TAJ-MO'-o

Chuhkaj ajyaxmo'suutz' ?-kaloomte'?. T-u-yal cha'-wal? baah-sijaj k'inich tatbu jol, aj k'an-banak, u-chan ahkul mo', aj chak-ju'te', aj k'abal-xook?. U-baah u-juun-tahn ho'-? ixik k'uh, ixik k'uh, ixik, ix-ch'ajb-ajaw. U-baah u-chit u-ch'ajb u-chan taj mo'.

"Aj Yax Mo' Suutz' the ?-kaloomte' is captured. It is in the second ? of the head gifter?. of K'inich Tatbu Jol III, yellow-?, the master of Ahkul Mo', Aj Chak Ju'te, Aj K'abal Xook.   He is the child of Lady Ch'ajb Ajaw. He is the child of the master of Taj Mo'."

Fourth passage (D7-F4):

U- 4-20- *[la]ta-I-u-ti 5- OOK *IK'-K'IN-*ni-NAL 18- SUUTZ'-OCH-chi-K'AHK' tu-WAY[*bi]-li-AJ-K'AHK' *O'-*CHAHK-ki ?- la [PA']CHAN- ?- ji?- ?-?- ji? SAK-BAAK-NAAH-CHAPAHT-TAJ-*wa-WAY-*bi 6- KAB- ?- YAX-a?-AJAW-wa ya-AJAW-wa-TOK'-AJAW-wa U-KAB-ji-ya-U-cha-CHAN a-[ku]lu-MO'-K'UH-[PA']CHAN-AJAW

U-chan-winik-lat, i-uht-i ho'-ook ik'inal waxaklajuun suutz'. Och-i-k'ahk' t-u-way-b-il aj-k'ahk'-o'-chahk, ? pa'chan-?, ?, sakbaaknaahchapaht, tajwayib, wak-kab-?, yaxajaw, y-ajaw tok'ajaw. U-kab-j-iiy u-chan ahkul ajaw k'uhul-pa'chan-ajaw.

"Four and twenty days pass, and then occurs 5 Ok (G9) 18 Sotz'. Fire enters into the dormitory (i.e., "shrine") of Aj K'ahk' O' Chahk, of ?-Pa'chan-?, of ?, of Sak Baak Naah Chapaht, of Taj Wayib, of Wak-Kab-? the Yaxa'-ajaw, vassal of the flint lord.   He governed it, the master of Ahkul Mo', the holy pa'chan lord."

Fifth and final passage (E5-F8):

U- 4- la-ta I-u-ti- 9- HIX- 2- ka[*se]-wa ya-YAL-U-BAAK?- ?- mi-ch'a-HOM-ma K'INICH-ta-bu-JOL-AJ-K'AN-ba-na-ka chu[ja]-*ka- ?-?-? -k'e-se cho-ko ba-TE'-e ?- le-e ?- AJ- ?-? 6- [ke]te-U-BAAK-tzi-li-ma-CH'AJB[AK'AB] K'INICH- ?- AHK-U-ba-ki U-cha-CHAN a-ku[lu]-MO'-o-K'UH-[PA']*CHAN-AJAW

U-chan-lat, i-uht-i baluun-hix cha'-kaseew. Y-al u-baak? ?-ch'ahoom k'inich tatbu jol, aj k'an-banak. Chuhkaj? ?-K'es, chok b'aah?-te'el-e?, aj-?, wak-tek?, u-baak-tzil? ma'-ch'ajb ma'-ahk'ab, k'inich-?-ahk, u-baak u-chan ahkul mo', k'uhul-pa'chan-ajaw.

"Four days pass, and then occurs 9 Hix (G9) 2 Sek. The captive of the ?-ch'ahoom, of K'inich Tatbu Jol III, of aj k'an-banak falls.   He is captured, ?-K'es; thrown he, the baahte', he of ?, six-?, the honorable captive, the powerless one, Ruler 7, the captive of the master of Ahkul Mo', of the holy lord of pa'chan."

 
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