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Yaxchilan: Lintel 25
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  Inscriptions
   
  Drawing page reference
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LOCATION  From the central doorway of Structure 23. At Maudslay's instance the carved areas on the underside and the front edge were sawn off by his assistant in 1883 and sent to London. They are now in the British Museum

CONDITION The sculptured areas are intact and in pristine condition. No remains of paint are visible.

MATERIAL  Fine yellowish limestone.

SHAPE  The carved surfaces are convex cylindrically, the axes in both cases coinciding with the long dimension.

DIMENSIONS
Underside:
MW
HSc
WSc
MTh
MTh
Rel

0.85 m
1.18 m
0.74 m
0.07 m (actual)
0.29 m (reconstructed)
3.2 cm
Front:
HSc
WSc
Rel

0.18 m
1.22 m
1.8 cm

CARVED AREAS  Underside and front.

PHOTOGRAPH  Graham, 1976.

DRAWING  Graham, based on drawings from the original, corrected by artificial light.

 

 

INSCRIPTIONS

DATES

9.12. 9.   8. 1    5 Imix 4 Mak (20 October, 681)          underside (CR)

+    2. 2. 7. 0                              - DN (underside)

9.14.11.15.1     3 Imix 14 Ch'en (1 August, 723)          front (CR)

DESCRIPTION

The lintel depicts Lady K'abal Xook, the wife or consort of Shield Jaguar III.   She holds bloodletting apparatus in her left hand, and also supports a skull in her outstretched right hand,.as she gazes up at a spiritual being conjured out of the otherworld.   The entity wears a militaristic costume directly associated with Teotihuacan, including a tláloc face mask and mosaic war helmet, and also carries a shield and a spear pointed at both ends.

The identification of this militaristic entity is debated.   Martin and Grube (2000:125) have suggested that this represents Shield Jaguar III himself, as defender of his city.   Yet the associated caption text suggests that this may represent Lady K'abal Xook herself, transformed into the guise of a Teotihuacan-related goddess.   In any event, the date is the same as Shield Jaguar III's accession (known from other monuments), and probably takes its rationale from his elevation to the throne.

TRANSCRIPTION, TRANSLITERATION AND TRANSLATION

First passage (A1-F4):

5- IMIX- 4- ma-MAK U-TZAK-wa-U-K'AWIIL-wi-la-li U-to-k'a-PAKAL AJ-K'AHK'-o-CHAHK-ki U-K'UH-ju-lu-tza-ku 4- WINIKHAAB-AJAW ?- BAHLAM U-cha-CHAN-nu-AJ- ?- ki K'UH- ?- AJAW-ba-ka-ba

Ho'-imix chan-mak, u-tzak-aw u-k'awiilaal u-took' u-pakal aj-k'ahk'-o'-chahk.   U-k'uh-jul-tzahk chan-winikhaab-ajaw ?-bahlam u-chan aj-? k'uhul-?-ajaw, baahkab.

"On 5 Imix 4 Mak he conjured the (lightning-)power of the flints and shields of the god Aj K'ahk' O' Chahk.   It is the god-spear-conjuring of the four katun lord, Shield Jaguar III, the master of Aj-?, the holy lord of ?, the baahkab."

Second passage (G1-G2 and H1-H3):

U-BAAH[AAN]-li-IX-OHL-la wi- ?- TE'-NAAH ch'a-ho-ma IX-k'a-ba-la-XOOK-ki U-yo-OOK-TE'-le TAHN-HA'-[PA']CHAN-na

U-baahil-aan ix-ohl wite'naah? ch'ahoom, ix-k'abal xook.   U-yookte'-el tahn-ha'-pa'chan

"She is the likeness of Lady Yohl, the ch'ahoom of Wite'naah, Lady K'abal Xook.   She is the pillar before the waters at pa'chan."

Third passage (J1-W2):

U-TZ'AK-ka-AJ mi- 7- WINIK-ya 2- HAAB-ya 2- WINIKHAAB-ya TZAK-ji-ya K'AWIIL-la TAHN-na-HA'- [ PA' ] CHAN i-u-ti 3- IMIX 14- IK'-SIHOOM ? T'AB ? -yi yu- ?[ lu ]- li yo-OTOOT-ti ?- IXIK-K'UH IX-AK'IN ?- XOOK-ki IX-k'a[ba]-la-XOOK-ki IX-KAL-TE' yo-OHL-la TAHN-na-li TAHN-na-HA'- [ PA' ] CHAN U-KAB-CH'EN U-cha-CHAN-nu AJ- ?- ki ?- BAHLAM K'UH- [ PA' ] CHAN-AJAW-wa

u-tz'ak-aj mih-huk-winik-iiy cha'-haab-iiy cha'-winikhaab-iiy tzakjiiy k'awiil tahn-ha'-pa'chan i-uht-i uhx-imix chanlajuun-ik'sihoom.   T'abayi? y-u...-il y-otoot ?-ixik-k'uh ix-ak'in?-xook ix-k'abal-xook, ix-kaloomte', y-ohl-tahn-il-tahn-ha'-pa'chan.   U-kab u-ch'en u-chan aj-? ?-bahlam k'uhul-pa'chan-ajaw.

"It counts 0 days, 7 winals, 2 tuns and 2 katuns since k'awiil was conjured before the waters at pa'chan, and then it happened 3 Imix 14 Ch'en.   Is elevated, the carving of the house of the holy woman, of Lady Ak'in? Xook, of Lady K'abal Xook, of the lady kaloomte', at the heart of, at the front of the waters of pa'chan.   It is the land and well of the master of Aj-?, Shield Jaguar III, holy lord of pa'chan."

 
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