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Site name: Tonina Site volume and author reference
Location and Access
Principal Investigations
Notes on the Ruins
References Cited
 

OTHER NAMES FOR THE SITE

Aharicab Tonila

Tulha Ocosingo

LOCATION AND ACCESS The ruins are located near the town of Ocosingo, on a range of foothills that forms the northern edge of the Ocosingo Valley. The range of hills is, in fact, one of the many limestone ridges that run roughly northwestsoutheast through the state of Chiapas and into Guatemala. The ridge on which the ruins lie is intersected by small seasonal streams which flow into the Rio de la Virgen or the Rio ]atate, the two rivers that form the Ocosingo Valley.

The main group of ruins is located immediately to the west of one of these seasonal tributaries of the Rio Jatate. The hillside on which the ruins lie was modified by the ancient Maya into a series of terraces rising above a large plaza.

Tonina can be reached quite easily by road from Ocosingo. The journey, some 13 km long, takes about 30 to 40 minutes. From the central square of Ocosingo, one travels southeast on the road running immediately in front of the church. This road (l~ Calle Oriente) is virtually straight until the outskirts of town are reached. At this point, the road swings left shortly before reaching a fork (1.1 km from the square). One follows the left arm of the fork and continues another 1.9 km before reaching a second fork. Again, the left branch should be taken. Four kilometers from the square, the road passes over a bridge spanning the Rio de la Virgen. At 6.2 km and 7.2 km, fords are crossed, and at 8.2 km is another junction and the first signpost to the ruins! The right arm of the fork should be taken here. At 10.2 km is another ford, and at 12.2 km is a ranch which lies at the entrance to the track to the ruins. At this point is another signpost; one turns left off the main road and veers back in the direction of Ocosingo. Almost immediately, one passes over a cattle grid, and at 12.9 km another grid serves as the entrance to the Tonina ranch. At 13.0 km is the ranch. The site museum, which is the official entrance to the ruins, is located to the right of the road. The parking area and new museum lie about 0.4 km farther on, and just beyond them - across the arroyo - are the ruins.

The first mention of Tonina was made by Fray Jacinto Garrido, who lived at the end of the seventeenth century. His description of the site was used as the basis for a passage in the Isagoge Historico Apologetico (anon. 1892, pp. 108-109). The passage is quoted, in translation, by Blom and La Farge (1926-1927, vol. 2, pp. 259-260).

In 1808 Guillaume Dupaix visited Tonina and published a brief description of the site, which is accompanied by illustrations by Antonio Castaneda (1834, vol. 1, Premiere Partie, Troisieme Expedition, pp. 10-13, and vol. 2, Premiere Partie, Troisieme Expedition, pIs. 8-10; Kingsborough 1831-1848, vol. 4, pis. 9-10, vol. 5, pp. 291-294, vol. 6, pp. 470-472; Alcina Franch 1969, pp. 189-194, pIs. 88-91). Four monuments are included among Castaneda's drawings: Monuments 9 and 25 and two other monuments which Dupaix saw in the town hall of Ocosingo but which have not been seen since.

Juarros (1823, p. 19) made brief mention of Tonina under the name Tulha.

John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood visited Tonina in 1840 (Stephens 1841, vol. 2, pp. 255-261). Unfortunately, however, only a brief description of two monuments, without illustrations, was published.

E. G. Squier, traveling in the Ocosingo area in 1852, was offered a collection of jades which almost certainly came from Tonina. He bought them and in 1869 donated the collection to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City (Easby 1961).

Other visitors to Tonina during the nineteenth century were Karl Sapper (1895,1896), who made a sketch map of the uppermost temples at the site, and Eduard and Caecilie Seier, who visited the ruins in March 1896. The Selers took photographs, and apparently also made paper molds, of some of the sculptures, including Monuments 7, 9, 22, and 30 (C. Seier 1897, 1900; E. Seier 1901). Meanwhile, other Tonina monuments were finding their way into the National Museum in Mexico City: at present in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia e Historia are Monuments 26, 27, 29, and 47 and a stone disc.

Alfred Tozzer visited Ocosingo and Tonina briefly in 1904; he photographed several sculptures in both locations. His field notes and photographs are now in the collections of the Peabody Museum.

In 1925 Frans Blom and Oliver La Farge visited Tonina. They published a detailed description of the site, including the illustration and description of some 30 monuments (1926-1927, vol. 2, pp. 259-306). Blom returned to the site in 1928 and discovered another monument - the stela from Pestac - and Ball Court 1 (1929, 1935).

Heinrich Berlin visited Tonina briefly in 1942 and discovered several new monuments. A copy of his brief report is in the archive of the Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia in Mexico City. In 1944 S. G. Morley and J. E. S. Thompson spent a few days at the site and ascribed dates to several of the monuments. By this time, some 45 monuments were known. Copies of their field notes are now in the collections of the Peabody Museum.

A further description of Tonina was published by Blom and Duby (1955-1957, vol. 2, pp. 63-88). This included illustrations of two monuments, the lower fragment of Monument 114 and the Lacandon Altar.

In 1972 excavations were begun at Tonina under the joint auspices of the Mission Archeologique et Ethnologique Fran,:;aise au Mexique and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France (henceforth referred to as the French Tonina Project). These excavations were continued in 1973 and 1974 and again in 1979 and 1980 (Becquelin and Baudez 1971, 1972, 1975, 1979). The directors of the project were Pierre Becquelin and Claude F. Baudez for the 1972-1974 seasons and Pierre Becquelin and Eric Taladoire for the 1979-1980 seasons.

Claude Baudez was in charge of the analysis of the stone monuments from Tonina during the 1972-1974 seasons. Of course, during the excavations many more monuments were found. In addition, numerous pieces lying on the surface were pointed out to the French archaeologists by Antonino Morales Cruz, caretaker of the ruins, and his brother Mario Morales Cruz. Baudez followed the numbering system for the monuments that had been started by Blom, with one emendation: all sculptures, based on their size and completeness, were designated either Monument (M. or Mon.) or Fragment (F. or Frg.). All of the pieces numbered by Blom were given the same monument number by Baudez. By the end of the 1980 excavations, more than 250 monuments and fragments were known from the site.

The results of the French excavations at Tonina are in the process of being published; the first volume (Becquelin and Baudez 1979) has already been published. A second volume, containing among other things descriptions and analyses of the monuments, is scheduled for publication in 1982. This will be followed at a later date by a third volume, covering the excavations of 1979 to 1980.

In 1981 work at Tonina was conducted under the direction of the Mexican archaeologist Juan Yadeun by the Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia. This work will be continued in future seasons.

Work at Tonina by members of the Corpus project has been carried out by Ian Graham during the 1973 field season and by Mathews during the 1980 field season and a short visit to the site in 1981.

REGISTER OF MONUMENTS AT TONINA

NOTES

majority the original provenience has been lost. This is so for several reasons. First, Tonina has been known for a long time, and there have been numerous visitors, both serious and casual, to the site. Many monuments have been moved and even carried off during such visits. Second, the old trail between Ocosingo and the lands to the east passed through the plaza at Tonina, and travelers through the site have no doubt been responsible for some disturbance. Third, previous caretakers of the site have gathered sculptures (on the plaza, for example), without noting their original location. And finally, there is evidence of a Postclassic, but preColumbian, disturbance at the site, resulting in the resetting of at least one monument (Mon. 131) and quite probably in the movement (and/or defacement) of others.

All this necessitates some changes in the standard monument symbols in the plans of the mins. Those pieces that were found in situ are designated by solid black symbols; those found archaeologically but not in their original location are shown by open symbols. Sculptures that have been moved or removed in modern times are not included on the plans. The categories of sculpture, monument and fragment, are each subdivided into two groups: (1) discs and altars (designated by a circle) and (2) all other types - stelae, statues, stela bases, panels, etc. (designated by a rectangle). Fragments are designated by only a half of a circle or rectangle to differentiate them from monuments. It is fortunate that no chultuns have been found at Tonina, for it will be noted that the designation for a complete altar or disc not found in situ is the same as the symbol for chultuns in most other Corpus site plans.

More monuments and fragments continue to be found at Tonina each year, but the present tally (August 1981) is:

Monuments Fragments

1-141 1-32 34-104 106-112 114-115

Pestac Stela

EI Miradero Panel Lacandon Altar

Disc now in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, Mexico City

Stone Box

  1. No sculptures correspond to Fragment 33, Fragment 105, or Fragment 113.
  2. The following monuments and fragments have now been united with others and so will not be dealt with separately:

Monument or Will be dealt

Fragment with under:

Mon. 4 Mon. 3

Mon. 21 Mon. 3

Frg. 12 Mon. 83

Frg. 29 Mon. 3

Frg. 38 Mon. 76

Frg. 39 Frg. 1

Frg. 45 Mon. 77

Frg. 57 Mon. 3

Frg. 71 Frg. 8

Frg. 85 Mon. 130

Frg. 94 Frg. 1

Frg. 96 Frg. 8

3. The following monuments are plain stelae:

Mon. 23 Mon. 96

Mon. 60 Mon. 118

Mon. 61 Mon. 119

Mon. 88 Mon. 120

The following are plain discs:

Mon. 51 Frg. 22

Mon. 62 Frg. 23

Mon. 68 Frg. 49

Mon. 79 Frg. 51

Mon. 103 Frg. 52

Mon. 112 Frg. 65

Mon. 129 Frg. 70

  1. Two monuments described and illustrated by Dupaix (M.92 and M.93 in the French numeration) have not been reported since the time of his visit. In addition, one monument described in detail in the Isagoge Historico Apologetico (1892, pp. 108-109; see also Blom and Duby 1955-1957, vol. 2, pp. 71-72) has not been located, although it has been numbered M.54 by Baudez. Accordingly, these monuments will not be dealt with in the Corpus.
  2. One of the mOTe common types of sculpture at Tonina is the stela base, a low rectangular stone with a hole in its center. It is clear that these sculptures were used as the bases for statues, many of which still have a vertical tenon below their feet. Technically I the shape of a stela base would be described as that of a rectangular frustum, with a cylindrical hole along the central vertical axis. However, since all stela bases (with the exception of Monument 8, to be described separately) have this shape, only "stela base" will be entered under the heading "shape" in the description of each of these monuments.
  3. Vertical views of the top of broken stela bases will be presented. These will possibly aid in the uniting of fragments found in the future.
  4. Many of the Tonina sculptures represent human figures carved fully in the round. Oearly, two-dimensional line drawings cannot do justice to the three-dimensionality of these sculptures. However, all the details of each sculpture can be seen in three views: front, back, and one side. The right side, as viewed from the front of the statue (the left side of the fig~re itself), will be illustrated unless the other side is in better condition. In some cases, stereophotos 'of these threedimensional statues will also be published.
  5. Slightly fe~er than half of the 250 or so sculptures from Tonina have inscriptions. Many of those without inscriptions, however, are rich in iconographic detail, and some combine with sculptures containing texts. For these reasons, all Tonina sculptures except for the plain monuments and fragments will be published in the Corpus.
  6. Since some of the monuments can be dealt with fairly briefly and since there are so many sculptures from Tonina, the policy of devoting one or more complete leaves of the Corpus to each monument will not be strictly adhered to.
  7. Only very poor illustrations of Monument 2 are available (and no photo at all of one of the sides). There are rumors that this stone is still to be found in Ocosingo, but so far I have not been able to see it. I hope that I can photograph the stone and publish it in a later fascicle of the Corpus.

 

REFERENCES CITED

ALCINA FRANCH, JOSE

1969 Guillermo Dupaix: expediciones acerca de los antiguos monumentos de Nueva

Espana 1805-1808. 2 vats. JosePorrua Turanza, Madrid.

ANONYMOUS

1892 lsagoge histdrico apologetico general de todas las lndias y especial de la

Provincia de San Vicente Ferrer de Chiapa y Goathemala. Tipografia de Tomas Minuesa de los Rios, Madrid.

BECQUELIN, PIERRE, and CLAUDE F. BAUDEZ

1971 "Recherches archeologiques it Tonina, Chiapas, Mexique," Journal de la

Societe des Americanistes, voL 60, pp. 302-304. Paris.

1972 "Recherches archeologiques it Tonina, Chiapas, Mexique: La seconde

saison de fouilles (1973)," Journal de la Societe des Americanistes, voL 61, pp. 255-257. Paris.

1975 "Tonina, une cite Maya de l'age classique," Archeologia, no. 80, pp.

10-22. Paris.

1979 Tonina, une cite Maya du Chiapas (Mexique). Mission Archeologique et

Ethnologique Frano;aise au Mexique, Etudes Mesoamericaines, voL 6, part 1. Mexico City.

BLOM, FRANS

1929 Preliminary Report of the John Geddings Gray Memorial Expedition.

Department of Middle American Research, Tulane University. New Orleans.

1935 "The Pesctac [sic] Stela," Maya Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 190-191,193.

New York.

8LOM, FRANS, and GERTRUDE DUBY

1955--1957 La Selva Lacandona. 2 vols. Editorial Cultura, Mexico City.

8LOM, FRANS, and OLIVER LA FARGE

1926-1927 Tribes and Temples. 2 vols. Tulane University, New Orleans.

DUPAIX, GUILLAUME

1834 AntiquiUs Mexicaines: relation des trois expeditions du Capitaine Dupaix,

ordonnes en 1805, 1806, et 1807 pour la recherche des antiquites du pays, notamment celles de Mitla et de Palenque; accompagnee des dessins de Castaneda. 2 vols. Paris.

EASBY, ELIZABETH K.

1961 "The Squier Jades from Tonina, Chiapas," in Essays in Pre-Columbian Art

and Archaeology, by Samuel K. Lothrop et al., pp. 60-80. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

GALINDO Y VILLA, JESUS

1901 Catdlogo del Departamento de Arqueologia del Museo Nacional. Primera

parte: Galeria de Monolitos. Imprenta del Museo National, Mexico City.

1902 Album de antigiiedades indigenas que se conseroan en el Museo Nacional de

Mexico. Imprenta del Museo Nacional, Mexico City. jUARROS, DOMINGO

1823 A Statistical and Commercial Hisfory of the Kingdom of Guatemala, in

Spanish America, trans. by J. Baily. London.

KINGSBOROUGH, E. K.

1831-1848 Antiquities of Mexico. 9 vols. London.

PASO Y TRONCOSO, FRANOSCO

1892-1893 Catdlogo de la Seccion de Mexico: Exposicion Historico-Americana de

Madrid. 2 vols. Est. Tip. "Sucesores de Rivadeneyra," Madrid.

PENAFIEL, ANTONIO

1903 Indumentaria antigua: vestidos guerreros y civiles de los Mexicanos. Ofidna

Tip. de la Secretaria de Fomento, Mexico City.

SAPPER, KARL

1895 "Altindianische Siedelungen und Bauten im nordlichen Mittelamerika,"

Globus, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 165-169, and no. 12, pp. 183-189. Braunschweig.

1896 "The Old Indian Settlements and Architectural Structures in Northern

Central America," Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution (1895), pp. 537-555. Washington, D.C. (English translation of Sapper 1895).

SELER, CAECILIE

1897 "Kurzer Bericht tiber eine archaologische Reise durch Mexiko und

Mittelamerika," Globus, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 85-87. Braunschweig.

1900 Auf alten Wegen in Mexiko und Guatemala. Dietrich Reimer, Berlin.

SELER, EDUARD

1901 Die alten Ansiedelungen von Chaculd im Distrikte Nenton des Departements

Huehuetenango der Republik Guatemala. Reimer, Berlin.

STEPHENS, JOHN L.

1841 Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatan. 2 vols. Harper

and Bros . New York

 

 

SITE VOLUME REFERENCE:

SITE VOL/Part Monument Side Page Pub.year Notes Peobody Number
TONINA 6.1 Map 5 1983
TONINA 6.1 Map of Ruins 6 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 1 side p1 14 1983 2004.15.6.14.1
TONINA 6.1 Monument 1 side p2 14 1983 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.14.2
TONINA 6.1 Monument 3 front 16 1983 2004.15.6.14.3
TONINA 6.1 Monument 3 right side 17 1983 2004.15.6.14.4
TONINA 6.1 Monument 3 back 18 1983 2004.15.6.14.5
TONINA 6.1 Monument 5 front 21 1983 2004.15.6.14.6
TONINA 6.1 Monument 5 right side 21 1983 2004.15.6.14.7
TONINA 6.1 Monument 5 back 22 1983 2004.15.6.14.8
TONINA 6.1 Monument 6 side 23 1983 2004.15.6.14.9
TONINA 6.1 Monument 7 side 1 25 1983 all one piece 2004.15.6.14.10
TONINA 6.1 Monument 7 side 2 25 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 7 26 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 7 26 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 8 side 1 28 1983 2004.15.6.14.11
TONINA 6.1 Monument 8 side 2 29 1983 2004.15.6.14.12
TONINA 6.1 Monument 8 side 3 30 1983 2004.15.6.14.13
TONINA 6.1 Monument 8 side 4 31 1983 2004.15.6.14.14
TONINA 6.1 Monument 9 front 33 1983 2004.15.6.14.15
TONINA 6.1 Monument 9 right side 33 1983 2004.15.6.14.16
TONINA 6.1 Monument 9 back 34 1983 2004.15.6.14.17
TONINA 6.1 Monument 10 front 35 1983 2004.15.6.14.18
TONINA 6.1 Monument 10 right side 35 1983 2004.15.6.14.19
TONINA 6.1 Monument 10 top 36 1983 2004.15.6.14.20
TONINA 6.1 Monument 11 side 37 1983 2004.15.6.14.21
TONINA 6.1 Monument 12 front 39 1983 2004.15.6.14.22
TONINA 6.1 Monument 12 right side 40 1983 2004.15.6.14.23
TONINA 6.1 Monument 12 back 41 1983 2004.15.6.14.24
TONINA 6.1 Monument 13 front 42 1983 2004.15.6.14.25
TONINA 6.1 Monument 13 right side 43 1983 2004.15.6.14.26
TONINA 6.1 Monument 13 back 43 1983 2004.15.6.14.27
TONINA 6.1 Monument 14 front 44 1983 2004.15.6.14.28
TONINA 6.1 Monument 14 right side 45 1983 2004.15.6.14.29
TONINA 6.1 Monument 14 back 45 1983 2004.15.6.14.30
TONINA 6.1 Monument 15 front 46 1983 2004.15.6.14.31
TONINA 6.1 Monument 15 right side 47 1983 2004.15.6.14.32
TONINA 6.1 Monument 15 back 47 1983 2004.15.6.14.33
TONINA 6.1 Monument 16 top 48 1983 2004.15.6.14.34
TONINA 6.1 Monument 17 side 1 49 1983 all one piece 2004.15.6.14.35
TONINA 6.1 Monument 17 side 2 50 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 17 side 3 50 1983
TONINA 6.1 Monument 18 front 51 1983 2004.15.6.14.36
TONINA 6.1 Monument 19 front 52 1983 2004.15.6.14.37
TONINA 6.1 Monument 19 left side 52 1983 2004.15.6.14.38
TONINA 6.1 Monument 19 back 52 1983 2004.15.6.14.39
TONINA 6.1 Monument 20 front 54 1983 2004.15.6.14.40
TONINA 6.1 Monument 20 right side 55 1983 2004.15.6.14.41
TONINA 6.1 Monument 20 back 56 1983 2004.15.6.14.42
TONINA 6.1 Monument 22 side 1 57 1983 2004.15.6.14.43
TONINA 6.1 Monument 22 side 2 57 1983 2004.15.6.14.44
TONINA 6.1 Monument 22 side 3 57 1983 2004.15.6.14.45
TONINA 6.1 Monument 22 side 4 57 1983 2004.15.6.14.46
TONINA 6.1 Monument 24 front 58 1983 2004.15.6.14.47
TONINA 6.1 Monument 24 right side 59 1983 2004.15.6.14.48
TONINA 6.1 Monument 24 back 59 1983 2004.15.6.14.49
TONINA 6.1 Monument 25 front 60 1983 2004.15.6.14.50
TONINA 6.1 Monument 25 right side 60 1983 2004.15.6.14.51
TONINA 6.1 Monument 26 front 61 1983 2004.15.6.14.52
TONINA 6.1 Monument 26 right side 62 1983 2004.15.6.14.53
TONINA 6.1 Monument 26 back 63 1983 2004.15.6.14.54
TONINA 6.2 Monument 27 front 71 1996 2004.15.6.15.1
TONINA 6.2 Monument 28 front 72 1996 2004.15.6.15.2
TONINA 6.2 Monument 28 back 73 1996 2004.15.6.15.3
TONINA 6.2 Monument 28 right side 74 1996 2004.15.6.15.4
TONINA 6.2 Monument 29 front 75 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.5
TONINA 6.2 Monument 29 back 75 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.6
TONINA 6.2 Monument 29 left side 75 1996 2004.15.6.15.7
TONINA 6.2 Monument 30 front 76 1996 2004.15.6.15.8
TONINA 6.2 Monument 30 left side 76 1996 2004.15.6.15.9
TONINA 6.2 Monument 30 back 77 1996 2004.15.6.15.10
TONINA 6.2 Monument 31 front 78 1996 2004.15.6.15.11
TONINA 6.2 Monument 32 front 79 1996 2004.15.6.15.12
TONINA 6.2 Monument 32 right side 79 1996 2004.15.6.15.13
TONINA 6.2 Monument 32 back 79 1996 2004.15.6.15.14
TONINA 6.2 Monument 33 front 80 1996 2004.15.6.15.15
TONINA 6.2 Monument 33 right side 80 1996 2004.15.6.15.16
TONINA 6.2 Monument 34 circular disk 81 1996 2004.15.6.15.17
TONINA 6.2 Monument 35 front 82 1996 2004.15.6.15.18
TONINA 6.2 Monument 35 right side 82 1996 2004.15.6.15.19
TONINA 6.2 Monument 35 back 82 1996 2004.15.6.15.20
TONINA 6.2 Monument 36 front 83 1996 2004.15.6.15.21
TONINA 6.2 Monument 36 right side 83 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.22
TONINA 6.2 Monument 36 back 83 1996 2004.15.6.15.23
TONINA 6.2 Monument 37 front 84 1996 2004.15.6.15.24
TONINA 6.2 Monument 37 back 84 1996 2004.15.6.15.25
TONINA 6.2 Monument 37 right side 84 1996 2004.15.6.15.26
TONINA 6.2 Monument 38 back 85 1996 2004.15.6.15.27
TONINA 6.2 Monument 38 back 85 1996 2004.15.6.15.28
TONINA 6.2 Monument 39 front 86 1996 2004.15.6.15.29
TONINA 6.2 Monument 39 right side 86 1996 2004.15.6.15.30
TONINA 6.2 Monument 39 back 86 1996 2004.15.6.15.31
TONINA 6.2 Monument 39 section of ball court 87 1996 map
TONINA 6.2 Monument 40 front 88 1996 2004.15.6.15.32
TONINA 6.2 Monument 40 right side 88 1996 2004.15.6.15.33
TONINA 6.2 Monument 40 back 88 1996 2004.15.6.15.34
TONINA 6.2 Monument 41 front 89 1996 2004.15.6.15.35
TONINA 6.2 Monument 41 back 89 1996 2004.15.6.15.36
TONINA 6.2 Monument 41 left side 89 1996 2004.15.6.15.37
TONINA 6.2 Monument 42 sides 90 1996 2004.15.6.15.38
TONINA 6.2 Monument 43 sides 91 1996 2 pieces 2004.15.6.15.39;40
TONINA 6.2 Monument 44 sides 92 1996 2004.15.6.15.41
TONINA 6.2 Monument 45 front 93 1996 2004.15.6.15.42
TONINA 6.2 Monument 45 left side 93 1996 2004.15.6.15.43
TONINA 6.2 Monument 45 back 93 1996 2004.15.6.15.44
TONINA 6.2 Monument 46 front 94 1996 2004.15.6.15.45
TONINA 6.2 Monument 46 right side 94 1996 2004.15.6.15.46
TONINA 6.2 Monument 46 back 94 1996 2004.15.6.15.47
TONINA 6.2 Monument 47 front 95 1996 2004.15.6.15.48
TONINA 6.2 Monument 47 right side 95 1996 2004.15.6.15.49
TONINA 6.2 Monument 47 back 95 1996 2004.15.6.15.50
TONINA 6.2 Monument 50 front 96 1996 2004.15.6.15.51
TONINA 6.2 Monument 50 right side 96 1996 2004.15.6.15.52
TONINA 6.2 Monument 52 front 97 1996 2004.15.6.15.53
TONINA 6.2 Monument 55 cylindrical 98 1996 2004.15.6.15.54
TONINA 6.2 Monument 56 front 99 1996 2004.15.6.15.55
TONINA 6.2 Monument 56 right side 99 1996 2004.15.6.15.56
TONINA 6.2 Monument 56 back 100 1996 2004.15.6.15.57
TONINA 6.2 Monument 63 part of circular disc 101 1996 2004.15.6.15.58
TONINA 6.2 Monument 65 front 102 1996 2004.15.6.15.59
TONINA 6.2 Monument 69 disc 103 1996 2004.15.6.15.60
TONINA 6.2 Monument 70 front 104 1996 one piece 2004.15.6.15.61
TONINA 6.2 Monument 70 right side 104 1996
TONINA 6.2 Monument 70 back 104 1996
TONINA 6.2 Monument 71 front 105 1996 2004.15.6.15.62
TONINA 6.2 Monument 71 back 105 1996 missing photo 2004.15.6.15.63
TONINA 6.2 Monument 71 left side 105 1996 2004.15.6.15.64
TONINA 6.2 Monument 72 front 106 1996 2004.15.6.15.65
TONINA 6.2 Monument 74 left side 107 1996 one piece 2004.15.6.15.66
TONINA 6.2 Monument 74 front 107 1996
TONINA 6.2 Monument 75 disc 108 1996 2004.15.6.15.67
TONINA 6.2 Monument 76 disc 108 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.68
TONINA 6.2 Monument 77 side 110 1996 2004.15.6.15.69
TONINA 6.2 Monument 80 front 111 1996 2004.15.6.15.70
TONINA 6.2 Monument 80 back 111 1996 2004.15.6.15.71
TONINA 6.2 Monument 80 left side 111 1996 2004.15.6.15.72
TONINA 6.2 Monument 82 disc 112 1996 2004.15.6.15.73
TONINA 6.2 Monument 83 wall Panel; 113 1996 additional enlarged copy 2004.15.6.15.74;75
TONINA 6.2 Monument 84 front 114 1996 2004.15.6.15.76
TONINA 6.2 Monument 85 front 115 1996 2004.15.6.15.77
TONINA 6.2 Monument 85 right side 115 1996 2004.15.6.15.78
TONINA 6.2 Monument 85 back 116 1996 2004.15.6.15.79
TONINA 6.2 Monument 87 front 117 1996 2004.15.6.15.80
TONINA 6.2 Monument 87 right side 117 1996 2004.15.6.15.81
TONINA 6.2 Monument 87 back 117 1996 2004.15.6.15.82
TONINA 6.2 Monument 89 top 118 1996 2004.15.6.15.83
TONINA 6.2 Monument 89 side 118 1996 2004.15.6.15.84
TONINA 6.2 Monument 91 sides 119 1996 2004.15.6.15.85
TONINA 6.2 Monument 95 four sides 120 1996 2 pieces 2004.15.6.15.86;87
TONINA 6.2 Monument 99 front rectangular panel 122 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.88
TONINA 6.2 Monument 100 front 123 1996 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.15.89
TONINA 6.2 Monument 100 back 123 1996 2004.15.6.15.90
TONINA 6.2 Monument 100 left side 123 1996 2004.15.6.15.91
TONINA 6.2 Monument 101 front 124 1996 2004.15.6.15.92
TONINA 6.2 Monument 101 right side 124 1996 2004.15.6.15.93
TONINA 6.2 Monument 101 back 125 1996 2004.15.6.15.94
TONINA 6.2 Monument 102 front 126 1996 2004.15.6.15.95
TONINA 6.2 Monument 102 back 126 1996 2004.15.6.15.96
TONINA 6.2 Monument 102 left side 126 1996 2004.15.6.15.97
TONINA 6.2 Monument 104 four sides 127 1996 2004.15.6.15.98
TONINA 6.3 Monument 106 Panel pB,pC-1,2,3 135 1999 one piece 2004.15.6.16.1
TONINA 6.3 Monument 106 Panel A, p1-p2 135 1999
TONINA 6.3 Monument 107 Panel A-D, lg scale 137 1999 2004.15.6.16.2
TONINA 6.3 Monument 108 figure A,1-3, lg scale 138 1999 2004.15.6.16.3
TONINA 6.3 Monument 108 left side 139 1999 2004.15.6.16.4
TONINA 6.3 Monument 108 back 139 1999 2004.15.6.16.5
TONINA 6.3 Monument 109 Panel, lg scale 141 1999 2004.15.6.16.6
TONINA 6.3 Monument 110 disc, A-Q 143 1999 2004.15.6.16.7
TONINA 6.3 Monument 111 disc, A-W 145 1999 2004.15.6.16.8
TONINA 6.3 Monument 113 disc, A-U 147 1999 2004.15.6.16.9
TONINA 6.3 Monument 114 disc, A-N 148 1999 2004.15.6.16.10
TONINA 6.3 Monument 115 disc 149 1999 2004.15.6.16.11
TONINA 6.3 Monument 116 disc 150 1999 2004.15.6.16.12
TONINA 6.3 Monument 117 back 151 1999 2 pieces, not in book 2004.15.6.16.13
TONINA 6.3 Monument 121 disc 152 1999 2004.15.6.16.14
TONINA 6.3 Monument 122 Panel 153 1999 2004.15.6.16.15
TONINA 6.3 Monument 125 front 154 1999 2004.15.6.16.16
TONINA 6.3 Monument 126 front 155 1999 2004.15.6.16.17
TONINA 6.3 Monument 130 front 156 1999 2004.15.6.16.18
TONINA 6.3 Monument 131 front 157 1999 2004.15.6.16.19
TONINA 6.3 Monument 134 front 159 1999 2004.15.6.16.20
TONINA 6.3 Monument 134 right side 159 1999 additional larger copy 2004.15.6.16.21
TONINA 6.3 Monument 134 back 160 1999 2004.15.6.16.22
TONINA 6.3 Monument 135 disc, E-O 161 1999 2004.15.6.16.23
TONINA 6.3 Monument 136 disc, A-S 163 1999 2004.15.6.16.24
TONINA 6.3 Monument 137 disc, A-Q 165 1999 2004.15.6.16.25
TONINA 6.3 Monument 138 front 166 1999 2004.15.6.16.26
TONINA 6.3 Monument 138 left side 166 1999 2004.15.6.16.27
TONINA 6.3 Monument 138 back 167 1999 2004.15.6.16.28
TONINA 6.3 Monument 139 disc, A-U 169 1999 2004.15.6.16.29
TONINA 6.3 Monument 140 base, lg scale 171 1999 2004.15.6.16.30
TONINA 6.3 Monument 141 frnt, lg scale 173 1999 additional copy exists 2004.15.6.16.31
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 1 cylindrical, roll-out 175 1999 2004.15.6.16.32
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 2 frag. A 176 1999 2004.15.6.16.33
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 2 frag. B 176 1999 2004.15.6.16.34
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 2 box frag C 177 1999 2004.15.6.16.35
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 3 cylindrical, pA-pE 178 1999 drawing missing
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 4 drawing only 179 1999 2004.15.6.16.37
TONINA 6.3 Miscellaneous 5 front 180 1999 2004.15.6.16.38

AUTHOR REFERENCE:

SITE (by Vol) VOL/Part Author(s)
TONINA 6.1 Peter Mathews, Vol. 6.1, 1983
TONINA 6.2 Ian Graham and Peter Mathews, Vol. 6.2, 1996
TONINA 6.3 Ian Graham and Peter Mathews, Vol. 6.3, 1999
TONINA 9.2 Ian Graham and Lucia Henderson, Vol 9.2, 2006
1